This is a photograph of a sculpture by Alexander Archipenko, which historian Stephen Kern describes as reversing "the traditional notion that space was a frame around the mass, that culture begins where material touches space, and maintained "that sculpture may begin where space is encircled by the material."" (Kern 1983, 159).
Kern, Stephen. 1983. The Culture of Time and Space: 1880–1918. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.
Alexander Archipenko, "Femme qui marche (Woman walking) – Alexander Archipenko", contributed by Grant Jun Otsuki, STS Infrastructures, Platform for Experimental Collaborative Ethnography, last modified 20 August 2019, accessed 1 October 2023. http://www.stsinfrastructures.org/content/femme-qui-marche-woman-walking-–-alexander-archipenko